• Uganda`s Political History

  • About
      100,000 Years

    About 100,000 Years Ago - Earliest History – About 100,000 Years Ago

    Earliest History – About 100,000 Years Ago: Uganda`s earliest history comprises her time before the territory that is today Uganda was made into a British protectorate at the end of the 19th century. This small country in Eastern Africa has Paleolithic evidence of human activity that goes back to at least 50,000 years, and perhaps […]

  • Early
      History: 300

    Early History: 300 CE - 1500 CE - Early History: 300 CE – 1500 CE

    Early History: 300 CE – 1500 CE As the Bantu-speaking agriculturists of the Uganda area spread and multiplied over the centuries, they evolved a form of government by clan chiefs. This kinship-organized system was useful for coordinating work projects, settling internal disputes, and carrying out religious observances to clan deities, but it could effectively govern […]

  • The
      Rise of

    The Rise of Buganda Kingdom: 1500 CE – 1900 CE - The Rise of Buganda Kingdom: 1500 CE – 1900 CE

    The Rise of Buganda Kingdom: 1500 CE – 1900 CE Buganda Kingdom played a very central role in shaping present day Uganda. It was the third type of state to emerge in Uganda, on the northern shores of Lake Victoria. This area of swamp and hillside was not attractive to the rulers of pastoral states […]

  • Uganda
      Region Becomes

    Uganda Region Becomes a British Protectorate: 1894 - Uganda Region Becomes a British Protectorate: 1894

    Uganda Region Becomes a British Protectorate: 1894 In the mid-1880s, the Kingdom of Buganda was divided between four religious factions -Adherents of Uganda’s Native Religions, Catholics, Protestants and Muslims – each vying for political control. In 1888, King Mwanga II was ousted in a coup led by the Muslim faction, who installed Prince Kalema as King. The following year, a Protestant and Catholic coalition formed to […]

  • Uganda
      under British

    Uganda under British Rule and the Buganda Agreement of 1900: - Uganda under British Rule and the Buganda Agreement of 1900:

    The Buganda Agreement of 1900 solidified the power of the largely Protestant ‘Bakungu’ client-chiefs, led by and intelligent muganda ethnographer, Sir Apollo Kagwa. London sent only a few officials to administer the country, relying primarily on the ‘Bakungu’ chiefs. For decades they were preferred because of their political skills, their Christianity, their friendly relations with the British, […]

  • The
      Uganda Protectorate

    The Uganda Protectorate Forms Military Forces: 1895 - 1920 - The Uganda Protectorate Forms Military Forces: 1895 – 1920

    Early on in the Protectorate’s history of occupation, the British colonial government had recognised the need for a local defence force. In 1895 the British colonial armed force in the Protectorate was called the Uganda Rifles, who were formed as an internal security force (i.e. keeping the peace in tribal areas rather than defending against external […]

  • Effects
      of British

    Effects of British Colonial Rule: 1920 - 1962 - Effects of British Colonial Rule: 1920 – 1962

    Far more promising as a source of political support were the British colonial officers, who welcomed the typing and translation skills of school graduates and advanced the careers of their favourites. The contest was decided after World War I, when an influx of British ex-military officers, now serving as district commissioners, began to feel that […]

  • Preparing
      Uganda for

    Preparing Uganda for Independence: 1949- 1962 - Preparing Uganda for Independence: 1949- 1962

    While still under British rule, in 1949, discontented Baganda (Citizens of Buganda Kingdom) rioted and burned down the houses of pro-government chiefs. The rioters had three demands: the right to bypass government price controls on the export sales of cotton, the removal of the Asian monopoly over cotton ginning, and the right to have their […]

  • The
      Rise of

    The Rise of Political Parties Ahead of Uganda`s Independence: 1953-1962 - The Rise of Political Parties Ahead of Uganda`s Independence: 1953-1962

    The prospect of elections caused a sudden proliferation of new political parties. This development alarmed the old-guard leaders within the Ugandan kingdoms, because they realized that the centre of power would be at the national level. The spark that ignited wider opposition to Governor Cohen’s reforms was a 1953 speech in London in which the […]

  • Uganda
      Gets Independence:

    Uganda Gets Independence: 1962 - Uganda Gets Independence: 1962

    Britain granted independence to Uganda in 1962, and the first elections were held on 1st March 1961. Benedicto Kiwanuka of the Democratic Party (DP) became the first Chief Minister. However, the marriage of convenience between the Uganda People`s Congress (UPC) and the Kabaka Yeka (KY) made inevitable the defeat of the DP interim administration. In […]

  • Early
      Independent Uganda:

    Early Independent Uganda: 1962 - 1967 - Early Independent Uganda: 1962 – 1967

    In succeeding years, supporters of a centralized state vied with those in favor of a loose federation and a strong role for tribally-based local kingdoms. Later in 1964, Obote felt strong enough to address the critical issue of the “lost counties” which the British had postponed until after independence. The combination of patronage offers and […]

  • Milton
      Obote Takes

    Milton Obote Takes over Uganda – 1966 - Milton Obote Takes over Uganda – 1966

    Political maneuvering climaxed in February 1966, when Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote suspended the constitution and assumed all government powers, removing the positions of President and Vice President. In September 1967, a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic, gave the President even greater powers, and abolished traditional kingdoms as political entities. The first major challenge […]

  • UPC
      Rules Uganda

    UPC Rules Uganda as Sole Party: 1966– 1971 - UPC Rules Uganda as Sole Party: 1966– 1971

    Obote’s success in the face of adversity reclaimed for him the support of most members of the UPC, which then became the only legal political party. The original independence election of 1962, therefore, was the last one held in Uganda until December 1980. On the home front, Obote issued the “Common Man’s Charter,” echoed the […]

  • Idi
      Amin Dada

    Idi Amin Dada Over Throws Milton Obote and takes over as President – 1971  - Idi Amin Dada Over Throws Milton Obote and takes over as President – 1971

    Amin learnt of Obote`s plan to have him and his associates arrested and moved before Obote`s command was put into action. On 25 January 1971, Obote’s government was ousted in a military coup led by armed forces commander Idi Amin Dada. Amin declared himself ‘president,’ dissolved the parliament, and amended the constitution to give himself […]

  • Uganda
      under Idi

    Uganda under Idi Amin Dada: 1971-1979 - Uganda under Idi Amin Dada: 1971-1979

    Uganda under President Amin quickly became a military dictatorship which was, in effect, governed from a collection of military barracks scattered across the country, where battalion commanders, acting like local warlords, represented the coercive arm of the government. The Ugandan General Service Unit (GSU), an intelligence agency created by the previous government, was disbanded and […]

  • Uganda
      between 1979

    Uganda between 1979 - 1986 - Uganda between 1979 – 1986

    After Idi Amin’s removal, the Uganda National Liberation Front formed an interim government with Yusuf Lule as president and Jeremiah Lucas Opira as the Secretary General of the UNLF and created a quasi-parliamentary organ known as the National Consultative Commission (NCC). The NCC and the Lule cabinet reflected widely differing political views. In June 1979, […]

  • President
      Yoweri Kaguta

    President Yoweri Kaguta Tibuhurwa Museveni takes over Uganda – January 1986 - President Yoweri Kaguta Tibuhurwa Museveni takes over Uganda – January 1986

    Tito Okello, opened negotiations with Museveni’s insurgent forces and pledged to improve respect for human rights, end tribal rivalry, and conduct free and fair elections. In the meantime, massive human rights violations continued as the Okello government carried out a brutal counter-insurgency in an attempt to destroy the NRA’s support. Negotiations between the Okello government […]

  • List
      of Presidents

    List of Presidents of Uganda since 1962 - List of Presidents of Uganda since 1962

    Sir Edward Mutesa II – 1962 – 1966 Apollo Milton Obote (Obote I) – 1966 – 1971 Idi Amin Dada – 1971 – 1979 Yusuf Kironde Lule – 13 April 1979 – 20 June 1979 Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa – 1979 – 1980 Paul Muwanga – 12 May 1980 – 22 May 1980 Apollo Milton Obote […]

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