• The History Of Uganda`S Agriculture From Early Times,
    Pre – Colonial Times & Present Day Uganda

Uganda`s Agricultural Sector Through the Ages

  • 100,000
      Years Ago

    100,000 Years Ago - Earliest History – About 100,000 Years Ago

    Uganda`s earliest history comprises her time before the territory that is today Uganda was made into a British protectorate at the end of the 19th century. This small country in Eastern Africa has Paleolithic evidence of human activity that goes back to at least 50,000 years, and perhaps as far as 100,000 years, as shown […]

  • 300CE
      to 1500CE

    300CE to 1500CE - Early History: 300 CE – 1500 CE

    As the Bantu-speaking agriculturists of the Uganda area spread and multiplied over the centuries, they evolved a form of government by clan chiefs. This kinship-organized system was useful for coordinating work projects, settling internal disputes, and carrying out religious observances to clan deities, but it could effectively govern only a limited number of people. Larger […]

  • Before
      the 1880

    Before the 1880 - State of Domestic Farming that Preceded Commercial Agriculture in Uganda Before the 1880

    Inhabitants of early areas in current Uganda were pre-dominantly hunter gatherers but their society slowly evolved into one of domestic farming especially in the Southern part of the country while the Northern Part of the country was dominated by pastoralists and nomads. Families owned land and they tilled and cultivated it with the families. As […]

  • 1894

    1894 -1962 - Uganda`s Agriculture as a British Protectorate: 1894 -1962

    The domestic nature of agriculture changed after Uganda was declared a British Protectorate. The Protectorate of Uganda was a protectorate of the British Empire from 1894 to 1962. In 1893 the Imperial British East Africa Company transferred its administration rights of territory consisting mainly of the Kingdom of Buganda to the British government. In 1894 […]

  • 1890s
      to 1918

    1890s to 1918 - Building of the Uganda Railway to Ease Transportation of Agricultural Produce 1890s- 1918

    The British cash crops urgently needed efficient transportation means and this need led to the construction of the Uganda Railway. By the 1890s, 32,000 laborers from British India were recruited to East Africa under indentured labour contracts to construct the Uganda Railway. Most of the surviving Indians returned home, but 6,724 decided to remain in […]

  • 1900s
      to 1962

    1900s to 1962 - Buganda Kingdom & Cultural Land Redistribution Pave the Way for Agricultural Development in Uganda – 1900s – 1962

    The British in search of cheaper agricultural inputs into their industries especially after the 2nd world war greatly turned to fertile Uganda to provide the much needed raw materials. However, they needed to defragment the land and create political harmony over the defragmented land to be able to grow her raw materials safely. During the […]

  • 1900
      to 1962

    1900 to 1962 - Pre-Colonial Agriculture & the Rise of Cooperatives 1900-1962

    Buganda, with its strategic location on the lakeside, reaped the benefits of cotton growing. The advantages of this crop were quickly recognized by the Buganda chiefs who had newly acquired freehold estates, which came to be known as mailo land because they were measured in square miles. In 1905 the initial baled cotton export was […]

  • 1962
      to 1979

    1962 to 1979 - Uganda`s Agriculture After Independence 1962-1979

    Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, due to the poor leadership of Presidents Dr. Milton Obote and Gen Idi Amin Dada, there was widespread political insecurity, mismanagement, and a lack of adequate resources seriously eroded incomes from commercial agriculture. Production levels in general were lower in the 1980s than in the 1960s. Technological improvements had been […]

  • 1986
      to 2020

    1986 to 2020 - Agriculture Starts to Truly Pick Up in Uganda Economic Recovery 1986-2020

    President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni assumed power in early 1986 after over throwing Tito Lutwa Okello. After seizing power in January 1986, the new NRM government published a political manifesto that had been drawn up when the NRM was an army of antigovernment rebels. Several points in the Ten-Point Program emphasized the importance of economic development, […]

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